The IMM Consortium

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IMM Consortium Home Page ...go

About IMMC
Who is involved and how the IMM Consortium operates
Funding committed to ending the malaria crisis is not yet enough. PLEASE HELP.
Donation Info

Yesterday and today ...more
About Integrated Malaria Management ...more
Scientific Data and Management Information ...more
Links to pdf reports and studies

The cost and effectiveness of different interventions ...more
Multiple Interventions
Integrated Malaria Management (IMM) uses multiple interventions. The choice of interventions depends on available data and the analysis of this information.

A cost effectiveness model of IMM suggests that the cost effectiveness of a program that makes optimum use of a variety of interventions will be very much better than the program that uses only a limited set of interventions, or even just a single intervention. The model also suggests that the specific facts about the place, and the scale of the intervention also has a big bearing on the cost effectiveness.

Surveillance, data collection and analysis

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Understanding the problem in generalities is not good enough. The devil's in the details. There needs to be good data about the community, the behavior of the mosquitoes throughout their life cycle, the status of the malaria parasite in the mosquito population, the prevalence of malaria parasites in the human population, and details of all the interventions that are going on.
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Environmental Cleanup

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Environmental clean up is a powerful tool to reduce the impact of malaria in a community. It was used during the Gorgas campaign to control malaria during the construction of the Panama Canal. It can be done in any community using community workers and volunteers.
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Source Control

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The best way to limit a mosquito population is to minimise recruitment. Killing the larvae before they become mobile adults is often the best way to proceed.
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Interior residual spraying (IRS)

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Spraying the interior vertical surfaces of homes with a pesticide reduces malaria transmission by both toxicity and by repellant action. DDT is the most effective pesticide because it lasts a long time and has the strongest repellant action.
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Ultra Low Volume (ULV) spraying

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Mosquitoes can be killed by ultra low volume (ULV) spraying of pesticides. This can be done manually, using vehicle mounted sprays or using aircraft fitted with spray equipment. The sprays used are highly toxic to mosquitoes, but not to humans and other species of insect and animals.
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Personal protection ... insecticide treated bednets

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For individual and family use, insecticide treated bednets reduce malaria transmission. Modern textiles give long lasting quality to the bednet, otherwise they need frequent retreatment.
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The medical dimension

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When malaria is diagnosed, it should be treated. Some malaria is resistant to some drugs. Malaria is dangerous for children, and debilitating for adults. Clinics are often poorly equipped, medicines in short supply and staff overworked.
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About Integrated Malaria Management ...Go

Surveillance, data collection and analysis ... ...Go
Environmental clean-up ... ...Go
Source control ... ...Go
Interior residual spraying ... ...Go
Ultra Low Volume (ULV) spraying ... ...Go
Personal protection ... insecticide treated bednets ... ...Go
The medical dimension ... ...Go

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